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Discharge modeling in the Multiscale Dynamics group at CWI

Lightning phenomena, plasma processing, plasma medicine and high voltage technology are governed by similar physical mechanisms. These mechanisms evolve on multiple scales in space and time, frequently ordered in a hierarchical structure. A main focus of the Multiscale Dynamics group at CWI is a better understanding of rapidly pulsed discharges in air and other media (streamers, leaders, nanosecond pulsed discharges, plasma bullets, terrestrial gamma-ray flashes, transient luminous events etc.), in collaboration with colleagues in plasma physics, electrical and mechanical engineering, atmospheric electricity and cosmic particle physics. Experimental investigations, theory and numerical simulations complement each other in providing a route to understanding.

Here we provide and describe the codes that we have developed for this purpose. We do this to allow others to use (part of) it, to extract ideas, to give us feedback, and to allow reproduction and checking of (published) results. If you use our codes, please honor our work by quoting the paper(s) related to the codes, as indicated.

We also provide links to codes and databases of other groups that we have found useful.

Codes (and subroutines) we have developed

  • Afivo and the related streamer simulation programs Afivo-streamer. Afivo stands for Adaptive finite volume octree. It is a framework for adaptive finite volume simulations, with a focus on simplicity. It features quadtree/octree AMR, OpenMP parallelization and a built-in geometric multigrid solver. Developed by Jannis Teunissen.
  • particle_swarm A Monte Carlo swarm simulation tool, to compute electron transport data in arbitrary E,B fields. Developed by Jannis Teunissen and Anbang Sun.
  • Pamdi3D A 3D particle model for (streamer) discharge simulation, developed by Jannis Teunissen, Anbang Sun, Margreet Nool and Chao Li.
  • PumpKin: Pathway redUction Method for Plasma KINetic models, developed by A.H. Markosyan, A. Luque and F.J. Gordillo-Vazquez.
  • ARCoS: Adaptive Refinement Code of Streamers, a fluid code with 2.5D adaptive grid refinement, developed consecutively by C. Montijn, W. Hundsdorfer, A. Luque, G. Wormeester, M. Nool and U. Ebert.

Codes and databases of other groups that we have found useful

  • LXCat: An open-access website for collecting, displaying, and downloading electron and ion scattering cross sections, swarm parameters (mobility, diffusion coefficient, etc.), reaction rates, energy distribution functions, etc. and other data required for modeling low temperature plasmas.
  • (two-term) Boltzmann solvers: Bolsig+ by Hagelaar and Pitchford, and an open source version BOLOS by Luque.
  • ZDPlasKin: Zero-Dimensional Plasma Kinetics solver by S. Pancheshnyi, B. Eismann, G.J.M. Hagelaar, L.C. Pitchford in Toulouse, France.
  • QtPlaskin: a graphical interface to analyze results from a plasma kinetic code such as ZdPlasKin by Luque.
  • GREMPY: GRanada Electro-Magnetic PYthon solver by Luque.
  • strees: Simulation of 3D streamer trees, developed by Luque, and used in this paper.
  • CORSIKA (COsmic Ray SImulations for KAscade) is a program for detailed simulation of extensive air showers initiated by high energy cosmic ray particles. D. Heck, J. Knapp, J.N. Capdevielle, G. Schatz, T. Thouw (1998).
  • EGS5 (Electron-Gamma-Shower) is a general purpose package for the Monte Carlo simulation of the coupled transport of electrons and photons.
start.txt · Last modified: 2016/02/17 19:49 (external edit)